Table of Content
- All About Java
All About Java
Java is a platform-independent, object-oriented programming (OOP) language. Applications developed with Java can run across multiple platforms. James Gosling developed it, in 1995, at Sun Microsystems (now acquired by Oracle).
Features of Java
- Follows OOP concepts like inheritance, abstraction, and encapsulation.
- Works on Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) theory.
- Uses a compiler to execute codes.
- Facilitates distributed computing.
- It is a multithreaded language with automatic memory management.
Advantages of Java
Java has been the foundation of various web-based, mobile, and enterprise applications. Here are some advantages that have made it the most preferred programming language in the community –
- Facilitates the creation of reusable code and modular programs.
- Programs written on one platform can be easily ported to another.
- Performs numerous tasks at the same time within a program.
- Verifies and detects errors before compiling, thus ensuring smooth run time.
- Avoids production complexities with dedicated exception handling and garbage collection.
- Offers network-centric capabilities to design and develop distributed computing systems.
- Provides various sets of commands, APIs, open-source tools, IDEs, etc., to simplify and speed up the app development process.
- Builds apps that can seamlessly run on any platform that has Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
Applications of Java
Java has proved its efficiency across multiple platforms. It has been the backbone of many industry sectors throughout the business world. Here are some major use cases of Java to give you a better idea.
- Considered standard programming language for Android app development.
- Preferred choice for building superior cross-platform software.
- Used to handle high-volume data processing enterprise systems.
- Supports many scientific computing applications, like MATLAB.
- Creates big data analytics-based solutions with ease.
- Found in embedded systems of vehicles, home appliances, and IoT devices.
- Used for server-side technologies like Apache Tomcat, JBoss, GlassFish, etc.
Java Development Tools
A plethora of development tools is available to write, test, and run Java codes. And here are the popular ones –
- Apache Maven
- IntelliJ Idea
- Visual Studio Code
- Cross-platform and lightweight scripting language.
- Supports OOP concepts like polymorphism.
- Consists of dedicated client-side programming capabilities.
- Controls website content, depending on the users’ actions and inputs.
- Backed by a robust testing workflow and an interpreter to check scripts.
- Complements and easily integrates with Java.
- Facilitates files that are smaller and do not take a huge memory to execute.
- Generates a smaller number of server requests resulting in an enhanced user experience.
- Supports the storage and retrieval of information on the users’ devices.
- Easily works with technologies like HTML and CSS to create rich web interfaces.
- Complies with popular browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, and others.
- Allows cross-compilation and supports modules, classes, and interfaces.
- Helps offer immediate feedback to visitors.
- Successfully runs on servers handling both front-end and back-end.
- Preferred language to create interactive web pages.
- Used to develop browser-based games and applications.
- Helps build mobile apps, web apps, SPAs, network apps, smartwatch apps, web servers, flying robots, and so on.
- It supports the development and deployment of web-based games.
- Specially designed for small scripts but can be extended for writing large and complex solutions.
- Supports product development with technologies like React, AngularJS, Ember.js, jQuery, etc.
- Compatibility with Node JS environments makes it an ideal choice for satisfying back-end requirements.
- Visual Studio Code
- Sublime Text
Web Browser Compatibility
Server Application Development
Libraries and Frameworks
|01||Language||Java is an object-oriented|
|02||Programming paradigm||Java strictly follows object-oriented|
|05||Variable definition||Variables and their types should be declared before using them in program.||Variables can be declared and types can be assigned at the time of execution.|
Comparing Java vs JS on the basis of popularity gives insights into the credibility and availability of both programming languages.
Complexity and Learning Curve
Both languages are fairly easy to learn. It’s one of the reasons why they are extremely popular.
Standardization and Documentation
Ravindra Waghmare is the Co-founder and COO at Mobisoft Infotech. He is an expert in solutioning, software consultancy, process definition and improvements, business analysis, and project execution. He has 11+ years of experience in software development,consulting, delivery, company operations, talent acquisition, processes and sales.